see the tunes for Oud and let's analyse their
differences, because someone who isn’t familiar with Oud instrument, may
have difficulty with so many tunes. The differences can be seen mainly in
the fact that one Oud is tuned low and the other is tuned high. Arabian
Oud musicians use mainly the 5 double
and its tune is G - A -
D - G - C.
Also exists also
with 5 double strings and one
- G - A- D-
G - C or D - E - A- D- G - C.
It would be ridden the below tunings
starting from the lowest to the highest (C) meaning that the
basically is the 5-th (G) or 6-th (D) string and the first one (C) is the highest.
The Turkish Oud has mainly 5 double strings and
one string «independent», which is known as
E - A - B -
- A - D, or E - FA#
- B - E - A - D. These are the basic Oud
tunings. Many times, the tune of the musical instrument can change
accordingly to the desires of the artist and the style of the song. This
means that many Oud players tune differently, some of them tune high and others tune
low. In Iraq for example the most common
tuning is the one of Munir Basher's (F -
A - D - G -
C - F) which
is very high in tuning. If we do not want to get complicated with so many
different kind of tunings,
let's look at the spaces on the four first (high) strings of Oud. We
observe that all spaces are the same, which means that they have a fourth
space, for example Arabian (A -
D - G - C) which is low, Turkish (B -
E - A - D) which is high, Iraqi (D -
G - C - F) which is higher.
All tunings have spaces of four, which means they are the same. The
differences between all these tunings, could be found especially on the fifth and sixth string (bam).
Some musicians tune
them (the strings) in spaces of four like the
tuning of rest strings, and others like
«isokrates» meaning always the same tune.
is performed by tuning the fifth string and the second string
to have the same tune and the sixth with the third also the same
tuning. Also, there are some variations, like the 6th lone and the first
can have the same tuning. For example, my tunings were at first the
Turkish (E - F# -
B - E - A -
D) which is high and finally I
to the Arabian tuning (D -
E - A - D -
G - C) which is low. My oud has five
double strings and one lone. So, I have tuned them all at four spaces
except the one lone (bam) which has the same tuning with third D. We must
mention here for the lone string, called also bass, or bam,
and which in the past, was the
first from the bottom side of oud, so it was the first from the high
strings (we see Munir Basher playing like that).